Samad Behrangi (Farsi: صمد بهرنگی) pronounced [sæmæd behrængiː:]) (June 24, 1939 - August 31, 1967) was an Iranian Azeri socialist and writer. He is famous for his book for children, The Little Black Fish (ماهی سیاه کوچولو).
Born in Tabriz, Behrangi started teaching in village schools in Iranian Azerbaijan in 1957 which he continued for eleven years.
Apart from children's stories, he wrote many pedigological essays and collected and published several samples of oral Azerbaijani literature. His folklore studies have usually been done with the help of his colleague Behrooz Dehghani, who helped publish some of Behrangi's works after his early death. Behrangi also has a few Azerbaijani translations from Persian poems by Ahmad Shamlou, Forough Farrokhzad, and Mehdi Akhavan-Sales.
Behrangi's works for children and teens contain social themes of poverty and injustice, often with vague socialist or communist undertones, and are considered among the prominent works written for children in the Persian language in terms of structure and emotional impact. Some have criticized his alleged attempts to bias opinions of children towards socialist or communist ideas.[citation needed:]
Behrangi drowned in the Aras river and his death was blamed on the Pahlavi regime.[citation needed:]