Luigi Pirandello (Italian: [luˈiːdʒi piranˈdɛllo]; Agrigento 28 June 1867 – Rome 10 December 1936) was an Italian dramatist, novelist, poet and short story writer whose greatest contributions were his plays. He was awarded the 1934 Nobel Prize in Literature for "his almost magical power to turn psychological analysis into good theatre. Pirandello's works include novels, hundreds of short stories, and about 40 plays, some of which are written in Sicilian. Pirandello's tragic farces are often seen as forerunners of the Theatre of the Absurd.
Awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1934 "for his bold and ingenious revival of dramatic and scenic art."